• Graduate Philosophy


  • Nicholas Rescher

     

    Rescher photo

    In the fall of 2009, graduate students studied some important works of Nicholas Rescher, who came to visit the class in November. Nicholas Rescher is a University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh where he is also Chairman of the Center for Philosophy of Science. He was educated at Queens College in New York and Princeton University where he received his Ph.D. at the age of 22, the youngest ever at the time. He has worked for the Rand Corporation as a research mathematician, and has taught at Princeton University, Lehigh University, and since 1970 the University of Pittsburgh.

    Nicholas Rescher's career is extraordinary. He has been the president of the Charles Sanders Peirce Society, G. W. Leibniz Society of America, American Philosophical Association, American Catholic Philosophical Association, and the American Metaphysical Society. He is a member of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Institut International de Philosophie, Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Academie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences, Academia Europaea: European Academy of Arts and Sciences, and Royal Society of Canada. He is an honorary member of Corpus Christi College, Oxford and has been a visiting professor at Temple University; University of Western Ontario; Catholic University of America; University of Rochester; Salamanca, Oxford University; and University of Konstanz. He has received honorary degrees from Loyola University of Chicago, National Autonomous University of CÛrdoba (Argentina), Lehigh University, University of Constance (Germany), Queens College of the City University of New York, Fernuniversität Hagen (Germany), and the University of Helsinki. He was a recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt Humanities Prize; the Medal of Merit for Distinguished Scholarship, University of Helsinki; the President's Distinguished Research Award, University of Pittsburgh; the Belgian Cardinal Mercier Prize; and the Thomas Aquinas Medal of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. He has served on the governing boards of several scholarly organizations, and has held positions in numerous professional societies, scholarly committees and commissions. His work and research has received support from the Ford Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the J. S. Guggenheim Foundation, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Council of Learned Societies. Rescher has been commissioned to undertake support studies for Congressional committees on science/technology matters and has been invited to testify before the Committee on Science and Technology on issues of space exploration and colonization. He has served as editor of the History of Philosophy Quarterly, and the Public Affairs Quarterly, and has served on the editorial board of over 20 journals. He was editor and helped found the American Philosophical Quarterly.

    He is a prolific writer whose contribution to philosophy and science extends over five decades. Rescher's work represents a many-sided approach to fundamental philosophical issues that weaves together threads of thought from continental idealism and American pragmatism. One of the few contemporary exponents of philosophical idealism, Rescher has been active in the rehabilitation of the coherence theory of truth and in the reconstruction of philosophical pragmatism in line with the idealistic tradition. Apart from this larger program Rescher has made various specific contributions to logic, the history of logic, the theory of knowledge, and the philosophy of science.

    Rescher has authored over 400 articles and 100 books in several different areas of philosophy. Many have been translated into Spanish, Japanese, German, Italian, French, Bulgarian, and Korean. He has authored a four volume autobiography entitled, Mid-Journey: An Unfinished Autobiography; Ongoing Journey: An Autobiographical Essay; Instructive Journey: An Autobiographical Essay; and Enlightening Journey: An Autobiographical Essay. Among his many other writings are:

    • Hypothetical Reasoning
    • The Coherence Theory of Truth
    • Plausible Reasoning
    • Dialectics: A Controversy-Oriented Approach to the Theory of Knowledge
    • Cognitive Systematization
    • Skepticism
    • Induction
    • Empirical Inquiry
    • Paradoxes
    • Epistemetrics
    • Forbidden Knowledge and Other Essays on the Philosophy of Cognition
    • Pascalís Wager: An Essay on Practical Reasoning in Philosophical Theology
    • Rationality
    • Cognitive Economy: Economic Perspectives in the Theory of Knowledge
    • A Useful Inheritance: Evolutionary Epistemology in Philosophical Perspective
    • Baffling Phenomena and Other Studies in the Philosophy of Knowledge and Valuation
    • Human Knowledge in Idealistic Perspective
    • Satisfying Reason: Studies in the Theory of Knowledge
    • Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason
    • Inquiry Dynamics
    • Epistemology: On the Scope and Limits of Knowledge
    • Cognitive Idealization: On the Nature and Utility of Cognitive Ideals
    • Epistemic Logic
    • Realism and Pragmatic Epistemology
    • Cognitive Harmon
    • Essays in Philosophical Analysis: Historical and Systematic
    • Conceptual Idealism
    • A Theory of Possibility
    • The Riddle of Existence: An Essay in Idealistic Metaphysics
    • Complexity: A Philosophical Overview
    • Nature and Understanding: A Study of the Metaphysics of Science
    • Imagining Irreality: A Study of Unrealized Possibility
    • Metaphysics: The Key Issues from a Realistic Perspective
    • The Primacy of Practice
    • Methodological Pragmatism
    • Communicative Pragmatism: And Other Philosophical Essays on Language
    • Realistic Pragmatism: An Introduction to Pragmatic Philosophy
    • Rationality in Pragmatic Perspective
    • Realism and Pragmatic Epistemology
    • Cognitive Pragmatism
    • Reason and Reality: Realism and Idealism in Pragmatic Perspective
    • Process Metaphysics
    • Process Philosophy: A Survey of Basic Issues
    • Scientific Explanation
    • Unpopular Essays on Technological Progress
    • The Limits of Science
    • Scientific Realism: A Critical Reappraisal
    • Priceless Knowledge? An Essay to Economic Limits to Scientific Progress
    • Predicting the Future
    • Introduction to Value Theory
    • Unselfishness: The Role of the Vicarious Affects in Moral Philosophy & Social Theory
    • Ethical Idealism: A Study of the Import of Ideals
    • Moral Absolutes: An Essay on the Nature and the Rationale of Morality
    • Human Interests: Reflections on Philosophical Anthropology
    • The Validity of Values: Human Values in Pragmatic Perspective
    • Luck
    • Sensible Decisions: On the Ways and Means of Rational Decision
    • Value Matters: Studies in Axiology
    • Distributive Justice
    • Welfare: The Social Issues in Philosophical Perspective
    • Pluralism: Against the Demand for Consensus
    • Public Concerns: Philosophical Studies of Social Issues
    • Fairness
    • An Introduction to Logic
    • The Logic of Commands
    • Topics in Philosophical Logic
    • Many-Valued Logic
    • Studies in Modality
    • Conditionals
    • Standardism: An Empirical Approach to Philosophical Methodology
    • Metaphilosophical Inquiries
    • Profitable Speculations: Essays on Current Philosophical Themes
    • Minding Matter and Other Essays in Philosophical Inquiry
    • Philosophical Reasoning
    • What If? Thought Experimentation in Philosophy
    • Philosophical Dialectics: An Essay on Metaphilosophy
    • The Philosophy of Leibniz
    • Leibniz: An Introduction to His Philosophy
    • Leibnizís Metaphysics of Nature: A Group of Essays
    • On Leibniz
    • Galen and the Syllogism
    • Cosmos and Cognition: Studies in Greek Philosophy
    • Peirceís Philosophy of Science
    • Kantís Theory of Knowledge and Reality: A Group of Essays
    • American Philosophy Today, and Other Philosophical Studies
    • Essays in the History of Philosophy
    • Kant and the Reach of Reason
    • Scholastic Meditations
    • Studies in the History of Arabic Logic
    • The Development of Arabic Logic
    • Temporal Modalities in Arabic Logic
    • Studies in Arabic Philosophy
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