An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure... Let's start by trying not to get sick in the first place.
Here are some of the things we provide to help you avoid the illnesses most common on a college campus:
Notice about Swine Flu
The Difference Between a Cold and the Flu:The flu and a cold are both viral infections which commonly cause symptoms like coughing and sore throat. The flu is usually more severe than a cold and produces higher fevers along with aches and pains, possibly nauseau and vomiting.
Prevention of Colds and Flu:You will never be able to totally prevent catching a cold or the flu, but you can lessen the chance. Wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your face. Keep your distance from people with the flu and avoid contact with people who have colds. Maintain a healthy lifestyle of good diet, enough sleep, keeping low stress levels and drink plenty of water. Influenza vaccines are also available at the Health Center.
What is the Flu?The flu, also known as influenza, is a respiratory infection which is caused by type A and type B influenza viruses. The highly contagious flu viruses most commonly enters the body though mucous membranes in the mouth, nose, or eyes. The virus becomes airborne when a person with the flu coughs or sneezes and a person nearby can become infected. The flu generally hits 1-3 days after virus exposure with a sudden "I just got hit by a truck" feeling.
Treatment of the Flu:Antibiotics are not effective at treating the flu because the flu is a virus and antibiotics only kill bacteria. However, during the first 24 hours of symptoms, there are new medications available to limit the duration and severity of the flu. Call the Health Center if you think you are "getting the flu" so you can get a jump start on treatment and use these new medicines. Rest is important in the treatment process. Drink plenty of fluids. The flu is contagious for 3 or 4 days after symptoms surface so be careful to avoid spreading it to others.
What is a Cold?A "cold" is also known as a upper respiratory infection caused by any of over 200 viruses. These viruses attack and multiply in the cells in the nose and throat lining. Colds are more commonly spread through hand to hand contact than by coughing or sneezing. Touching a surface shortly after an infected person and then touching your eyes or nose can infect you.
Treatment of a ColdDrink plenty of fluids. Hot liquids may soothe the throat and help loosen secretions which relieves nasal congestion. To help reduce throat swelling gargle a salt water mixture of teaspoon of salt in a large glass of warm water every four hours. Warm, moist air soothes mucous membranes that are inflamed. Humidifiers and hot showers are good ways to produce the desired moist, warm, air. Colds, like the flu, are viruses, so antibiotics are ineffective. If possible, avoid smoking and alcohol as both of these will only make you feel worse. If it is impossible to avoid them, use as little as possible.
Caring for Your Flu/Cold SymptomsThe Health Center will provide assessment and treatment for the common cold and flu -- come to us as soon as you think you've come down with something. However, we encourage you to bring a “Healthy Box” with you to ease these symptoms. Your box should include:
The Residence Director will have supplies for minor first aid, but you should provide your own over the counter medicines for the common cold. Use the Health Center to get an assessment and treatment recommendations.
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Nutrition Services Available at the Health Center:
The Food Guide PyramidWe use the Food Guide Pyramid in assisting students craft a healthy diet plan. According to this system, within each of the four basic food groups a serving is:
Bread, Cereal, Rice & Pasta Group1 slice of bread 1/2 cup of cooked rice, pasta or noodles1/2 cup of cooked cereal1 ounce of ready-to-eat cereal1 flour or corn tortilla1/2 bagel, english muffin or pita pocketMeat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs & Nuts Group2 1/2 ounces of cooked lean meat, poultry or fish*Vegetarians can count 1/2 cup of cooked beans, 1 egg or 2 tablespoons of peanut butter as 1 ounce of lean meatVegetable Group1 cup of leafy raw vegetables like lettuce or spinach1/2 cup of chopped raw or cooked vegetables3/4 cup tomato or vegetable juiceFruit Group1 piece of fresh fruit1 melon wedge3/4 cup of juice1/2 cup of canned fruit1/4 cup dried fruitMilk, Yogurt & Cheese Group1 cup of milk1 1/2 ounces of natural cheese2 ounces of process cheese1 cup yogurt, plain or fruitedReference: U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
The keys to a healthy nutrition plan are balance, variety, and moderation!
Ohio law requires all students living in residence halls to report to the University whether or not they have been immunized against Hepatitis B and Meningitis. Students are strongly encouraged to receive these vaccinations, but they are not required.
Students who are enrolled in Nursing, Education, and Social Work programs will have internships which frequently require specific vaccines. These vaccines may be obtained at the Health Center for a fee.
What is a Vaccine?Vaccines are preparations of killed or weakened infectious agents (such as viruses and bacteria) or their derivative products. Vaccines do not produce diseases. They actually stimulate an immune response which is the formation of antibodies against invading infectious agents. This process is call immunization. Immunization confers protection against future infections caused by what is used in making the vaccine.
Students Requiring Allergy InjectionsThough not a vaccine or immunization, the Health Center can administer allergy immunotherapy prescribed by your home physician. Injections can be continued on a schedule established by your allergist or treating physician. Our guidelines require several pieces of documentation in order to accomplish this- the documentation sent with your student must include:
We will require the above stated documentation for all patients receiving continuing allergy immunotherapy at the Health Center, without this documentation we cannot provide allergy injections. The initial injection should be given at your physician's office- the Health Center will not initiate immunotherapy.
Vaccines Available at the Health Center:
Guidelines for TB Assessment and Treatment
Tuberculosis is a serious contagious infection which most commonly affects the lungs. There has been an increase in the number of cases among college students in recent years. The following guidelines describe how Franciscan University will normally handle and respond to tuberculosis risk assessment and treatment.
Positive Skin Tests
Information for Future: