• Biology Classes


    BIO 106

    SURVEY OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE is designed to train students in observing biological principles involved in the organization of living things around them, including the organization of cells, inheritance, modern biotechnology, and the structure and function of living organisms. Not for credit in the Biology major. (Natural Science Core)
    3 credit hours


    BIO 110

    HUMAN BIOLOGY focuses its attention completely on the human body providing a picture of the workings and functional integration of the systems that compose the human body. The course will also provide an overview of the genetic underpinnings of the human species and the new technologies that may attempt to alter our genetic heritage. The course is intended to generate a deep respect and reverence for the human species. (Natural Science core for non-majors) 3 lecture hours per week.
    3 credit hours


    BIO 120

    INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE is designed to provide students from a wide range of disciplines with a unified understanding of environmental issues and concerns. The primary focus is on ecological concepts (material cycles, energy in ecosystems, population and community interactions), but the course will also examine the interdisciplinary nature of environmental science. Most environmental issues are best understood when the scientific information is integrated with historical background along with political, economic, social, ethical, and religious/philosophical implications. (Natural Science Core)
    3 credit hours


    BIO 122

    GENERAL BOTANY provides a comprehensive survey, ranging from the giant redwood trees to the molds that spoil the bread or flavor the cheese to the plants that supply vitamins and antibiotics, conserve water and soil, and provide food and clothing. This course deals with what plants are and how they accomplish these things. 3 lectures and 3 laboratory hours per week. (Natural Science Core)
    4 credit hours


    BIO 123

    GENERAL ZOOLOGY investigates the classification, functions, and relationships of animals along with their basic biological problems to survive and perpetuate their kind. 3 lectures and 3 laboratory hours per week. (Natural Science Core)
    4 credit hours


    BIO 133

    ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I focuses on the normal structure and function of cells, tissues, skin, skeleton, and the muscular, digestive, and respiratory systems of the body. This course is designed to meet the needs of those students majoring in Nursing, Psychology, Mental Health, and Social Work. 2 lectures and 2 laboratory hours per week. Not for credit in Biology major. (Natural Science Core)
    3 credit hours


    BIO 134

    ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II is the sequel to Bio 133. It is devoted to an in-depth study of the circulatory, nervous, sensory, endocrine, excretory, and reproductive systems of the human body. This course is designed for Nursing, Psychology, Mental Health, and Social Work majors. 2 lectures and 2 laboratory hours per week. Not for credit in Biology major. (Natural Science Core)
    Prerequisite: BIO 133
    3 credit hours


    BIO 150

    NUTRITION AND HEALTH FOR YOUNG CHILDREN deals with normal nutritional needs and health concerns of younger people. Topics discussed include the anatomy and physiology of the human body, hygiene, growth, basics of nutrition, nutritional disorders, immunizations, common childhood illnesses, mental health, and accidental and intentional injury. For Education majors only. (Natural Science Core)
    3 credit hours


    BIO 203

    HUMAN EMBRYOLOGY focuses on the events from fertilization to birth. Special attention is given to the event of fertilization, the first eight weeks of development, development and function of the placenta, fetal circulation, the hormonal control of ovulation and pregnancy, parturition, anomalies of development, and infertility. Not for credit in Biology major.(Natural Science Core)
    3 credit hours


    BIO 204

    PATHOPHYSIOLOGY deals with disruptions of normal physiology and with the ways and processes in which these disruptions are exhibited as symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings. 3 lectures per week. Not for credit in Biology major.
    Prerequisites: BIO 133-134; CHM 114
    3 credit hours


    BIO 215

    NUTRITION discusses the principles of nutrition as they apply to the needs of normal persons of all ages and to the more specific needs of those individuals requiring dietary therapy. The relation of diet care to total nursing care is stressed. Emphasis is placed on the application of the principles of good nutrition in the maintenance and improvement of one’s own health and that of others. This course is designated for Nursing majors. Not for credit in Biology major.
    Prerequisite: CHM 111, 110 or CHM 114
    3 credit hours


    BIO 217

    MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY introduces nursing and allied health students to the basic concepts of microbiology, as well as the role of microorganisms in health and human disease and host immune responses to infection. 3 lectures and 4 laboratory hours per week. Not for credit in Biology major.
    Prerequisites: BIO 133-134; CHM 114
    4 credit hours


    BIO 218

    SOPHOMORE SEMINAR is designed to teach biology majors the skills necessary to read critically and evaluate scientific literature as well as afford them the opportunity to present and discuss current biological research. Students will be expected to present a current scientific research article in a seminar setting. The course will place an emphasis on statistical interpretation of research results, as well as on evaluating the significance of a research paper within the context of a particular field of biology. One meeting per week.
    Prerequisites: BIO 122 and BIO 123 or the equivalent
    1 credit hour


    BIO 229

    DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY carefully follows the progress of a fertilized egg to a completely formed frog, chick, and pig, in order to appreciate the similarities, and yet unique differences of our backboned fauna. The course fosters a heavily descriptive approach to the early beginnings of vertebrate life interspersed with significant experimental findings about the knitting together of an embryo. 3 lectures and 4 laboratory hours per week.
    Prerequisite: BIO 123
    4 credit hours


    BIO 230

    COMPARATIVE ANATOMY studies the skeletons, muscles, blood vessels, and all other body systems to gain a vast knowledge and awesome appreciation of structures found in the major groups of adult vertebrates. This rigorous course sets the anatomical groundwork for both professional and graduate schools. 3 lectures and 4 laboratory hours per week.
    Prerequisite: BIO 123
    4 credit hours


    BIO 235

    FIELD BIOLOGY extends the science laboratory to the out-of-doors, permitting the student to study animals and plants as they occur in nature. Field trips are included. 1 lecture and 6 laboratory hours per week. (Fall term odd numbered years)
    Prerequisites: BIO 122–123
    3 credit hours


    BIO 236

    CONCEPTS OF ECOLOGY presents the key concepts and principles about the relationships between organisms and their environment. Particular emphasis is devoted to the conservation of our natural resources. This format fosters a greater appreciation and understanding of man’s dependency upon other flora and fauna. (Fall term even numbered years)
    Prerequisites: BIO 122, 123 or BIO 106
    3 credit hours


    BIO 291

    GENETICS investigates the inheritance of genetic traits, which have puzzled mankind for centuries. Material covered includes Mendelian genetics, chromosome mapping, molecular structures, mutations, and significant advances in DNA and RNA studies. The laboratory component includes experiments in biotechnology emphasizing DNA sequencing, PCR, RFLP, and genetic fingerprinting.
    Prerequisites: BIO 122 or BIO 123
    4 credit hours


    BIO 301

    ANIMAL BEHAVIOR is the study of the mechanisms, embryology, genetics, and evolution of animal behavior. Topics include communication, territoriality, aggression, sexual reproduction, parental care, and mating systems. In class exercises are designed to give students hands on experience in behavioral research. 3 class hours per week.
    Prerequisites: Bio 122 and Bio 123 (or General Biology if approved by Department)
    3 credit hours


    BIO 310

    BIOCHEMISTRY deals with the chemico-physiological nature of biological systems. Relationships between the structure and functions of water and of each of the classes of biological molecules are discussed. The reactions, functions, and thermodynamics of the major metabolic pathways are also discussed in detail.
    Prerequisites: 6 credits in Biology; CHM 204
    3 credit hours


    BIO 320

    NEUROBIOLOGY: Mind, Brain and Behavior will investigate the structure and function of the brain, and the levels of relations between neurological function and consciousness. After providing a sound foundation in brain structure end workings of neurons, higher-level mental processes such as learning, emotions and cognition will be investigated. The course will also examine how scientific knowledge of the brain’s inner workings has impacted the modern world’s understanding of the human person. (Spring term odd numbered years)
    Prerequisites: 2 Biology courses
    3 credit hours


    BIO 321

    EVOLUTION is designed to provide a contemporary examination of the study of evolution from a biological perspective. The course will deal with the various meanings of the term evolution, the various methods by which evolution is studied, and the conclusions about evolution that can be drawn from the evidence at hand. This course will give students a thorough understanding of the latest biological theories of evolution and equip them with the ability to intelligently discuss this controversial topic. (Spring term odd numbered years)
    Prerequisites: 2 Biology courses
    3 credit hours


    BIO 333

    MICROBIOLOGY studies the structural and functional characteristics of organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Consideration is given to the benefits or detriments provided by these organisms to the living world, medicine, health, industry, and our daily lives. And introduction to basic immunology is also included in this course. 3 lectures and 4 laboratory hours per week. A previous year of chemistry is recommended.
    Prerequisites: BIO 122–123
    Co-requisite: CHM 203
    4 credit hours


    BIO 335

    EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY s the study of the physiological adaptations the body makes to exercise stress. Topics include the principles of strength development, muscular and cardiorespiratory endurance development bioenergetics, energy expenditure, functions of the cardiovascular, pulmonary, neuromuscular and neuroendocrine systems, real function, nutrition, weight control, and body composition. Lab exercises would include body composition analysis, metabolic testing (O2 and CO2 measurements at rest and during submaximal exercise), cardiovascular kinetics during exercise (via HR and BP analysis). In addition, field-testing and submaximal cardiovascular testing for a general fitness population, basic muscular flexibility and basic muscular strength testing would be included. This course would introduce the fundamental concepts necessary for the student intent on pursuing graduate studies in Exercise Physiology (EP) or Physical Therapy (PT). 3 hours lecture with lab assignments.
    Cross listed with ESC 335; Prerequisites: BIO 133, 134 or BIO 122, 123
    3 credit hours


    BIO 404

    SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN BIOLOGY challenges the senior Biology major with a good scholastic record to pursue original investigations. Students are required to apply the scientific method to some biological problem of their own choosing. The problem and the amount of credit must be approved by the department.
    variable credits


    BIO 410

    IMMUNOLOGY provides a detailed examination of the human immune system, combining aspects of biochemistry, cellular biology, genetics and microbiology. The function, properties and interactions of cells, tissues and organs comprising the immune system will be covered. Other topics studied include defense against pathogens, vaccination and medical immunology, encompassing allergies immunodeficiencies, autoimmune diseases, graft rejection and cancer.
    Prerequisites: BIO 291, CHM 204; Co-requisite: BIO 426
    3 credit hours


    BIO 426

    CELL PHYSIOLOGY analyzes the tiny units that make up all living things. A close look and study of life at this level results in a better understanding of such phenomena as growth, movement, respiration, and related topics. 3 lectures and 4 laboratory hours per week.
    Prerequisites: 8 credits in Biology; CHM 204
    4 credit hours


    BIO 427

    HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY presents an understanding of the biological, chemical, and physical functioning of the human body. 3 lectures and 4 laboratory hours per week. (Spring term even numbered years)
    Prerequisites: BIO 230; CHM 203-204
    4 credit hours


    BIO 435

    COORDINATING SEMINAR is designed for senior biology majors. Students select a specific topic from a general subject area taken from biology. Students are required to research and present their topic in oral and written forums. 1 meeting per week.
    1 credit hour

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